Nearly all car accidents are due to human negligence. Here comes the Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) to solve the problem. The goal of ADAS is to reduce the incidence of car accidents and the severity of those that cannot be avoided, therefore preventing fatalities and injuries. Click here to know more about ADAS courses.
Functions of ADAS
The functions are mentioned below;
- Detection and avoidance of pedestrians
- Warning/correction for lane deviation
- Recognize traffic signs
- Emergency braking is activated automatically.
- Detection of blind spots
Applications of ADAS
The applications are mentioned below;
- Adaptive Cruise Control
Depending on the behavior of other objects in the immediate region, advanced cruise control can automatically accelerate, slow down, and even stop the car.
- Pixel Light and Glare-Free High Beam
This innovative headlight application detects other vehicles’ lights and redirects the vehicle’s lights away from other road users to avoid them from being briefly blinded.
- Adaptive light control
Depending on the vehicle’s environment and darkness, adaptive light control adjusts the headlight’s strength, direction, and rotation.
- Automated Parking
Drivers can be alerted to blind spots with automatic parking, allowing them to know when to turn the steering wheel and stop. By merging the data of several sensors, some systems may even finish parking without the driver’s assistance.
- Navigational Aids
Some navigation systems can show real-time traffic information and, if necessary, suggest a different route to avoid traffic congestion. Advanced techniques may also include Heads-Up Displays (HuD) to help drivers stay focused on the road. Best online courses for electrical engineering.
- Vision in the Dark
Night vision implementation falls into two categories: Passive night vision systems rely on the thermal energy emitted by cars, animals, and other objects, whereas active night vision systems project infrared light.
- Monitoring for Blind Spots
Blind-spot detection systems use sensors to supply drivers with critical information that would be difficult or impossible to receive. When they identify an object in the driver’s blind zone, such as when the driver tries to move into an occupied lane, some systems sound an alarm.
- Automatic Emergency Braking
Automatic emergency braking detects whether the driver is about to collide with another vehicle or other road obstacles using sensors. This application can see surrounding cars and warn the driver if there is a danger. Some emergency braking systems can take preventive safety steps such as tightening seat belts, lowering speed, and adaptive steering.
- Crosswind Stabilization
This new ADAS technology assists the car in dealing with high crosswinds. This system’s sensors may detect high pressure acting on the vehicle while driving and apply brakes to the wheels affected by crosswinds.
- Monitoring System for Drivers
Another technique to assess a motorist’s attention is to use a driver monitoring system. The video sensors can tell if the driver’s eyes are on the road or drifting. Noises, sensations in the steering wheel, or flashing lights alert the drivers.
The trend is shifting from distributed ADAS electronic controller units (ECUs) to a centralized ADAS domain controller. This means we’re currently at Level 2 (Partial Driving Automation), where the vehicle can control both steering and acceleration/deceleration, but humans also have control over the car. Get to know more about the best online courses for electrical engineering.